Normative hierarchy

Priority that exists between legal norms that are part of a legal order. The hierarchy is commonly established within the fundamental law of a State and takes as a reference the degree of complexity and the bodies in charge of the process of creating norms.

The regulatory bodies of lower rank must be consistent with what is established in those of higher rank. Specific processes are foreseen to determine cases of contradiction between norms of different hierarchies (illegality or unconstitutionality).

According to constitutional article 133 and the interpretation that the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation has made of it, in the Mexican legal system the normative hierarchy is: Federal Constitution, international treaties, federal laws, state constitutions and state laws.

Individual guarantees are in the highest rank of the normative hierarchy of the Mexican legal system; therefore, any administrative, legislative or judicial act must be in accordance with them. Otherwise, it will be liable to be declared unconstitutional (see Individual Guarantees).

Military justice

Application of specific regulations regarding crimes and misdemeanors against military discipline committed by members of the armed forces in the exercise of their duties.

Military justice is exercised by authorities of the armed forces, in the field of procurement and administration of justice. According to article 13 of the CPEUM, when a civilian is involved in a military crime or offense, the civil authorities will be competent to hear the case. Military courts may under no circumstances extend their jurisdiction over persons who do not belong to the Army.

International Criminal Justice, concept of

Systematic set of international legal norms whose objective is the prohibition of certain behaviors that due to their seriousness are considered universal, as well as this one.